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Le PM à l’ONU: “Mauritius does not have any intention of seeking the disruption of the security arrangements in Diego Garcia”

Le premier ministre, Pravind Jugnauth, a réalisé son baptême de feu à l’ONU jeudi. Dans son premier discours à la tribune des Nations unies, ce jeudi 21 septembre à New York, il a exprimé le souhait que l’avis consultatif recherché auprès de la Cour international de justice concernant la souveraineté de Maurice sur l’archipel des Chagos permette de trouver un programme approprié en faveur des Chagossiens qui ont été expulsés de force de cette partie du territoire mauricien en 1965.

« Notre décolonisation reste à être complétée cinq décennies après l’adoption de la Déclaration sur l’octroi de l’indépendance aux pays et aux peuples coloniaux.

J’ai remercié les États membres pour leur soutien et nous comptons sur leur appui relativement à notre notre démarche et aux arguments que nous présenterons devant cet organe judiciaire.

La résolution adoptée, en juin dernier, par une majorité «retentissante » a démontré la grande importance que les États membres du monde entier – et pas seulement l’Afrique, mais aussi l’Europe, l’Asie et les Amériques – attachent à la nécessité de compléter le processus de décolonisation, ainsi que la préoccupation qu’ils ont pour les injustices causées aux natifs de l’archipel de Chagos. J’ai insisté sur le fait que ce vote a renouvelé l’espoir qu’ils pourraient, enfin, revenir sur leur lieu de naissance. »

Voici un extrait de ce discours concernant Diego Garcia :

 

In relation to Mauritius, all these principles were flouted when an integral part of its territory, namely the Chagos Archipelago, was excised prior to our independence, in violation of international law, including obligations reflected in UN Resolutions 1514 (XV) of 14

 

December 1960 and 2066 (XX) of 16 December 1965, and all the inhabitants of the Chagos Archipelago were forcibly evicted.

 

Our decolonization still remains to be completed, five decades after the adoption of the Declaration on the granting of independence to colonial countries and peoples. 

Mr. President, 

A crucial role of the International Court of Justice is to provide guidance, through its advisory opinions, to the organs and agencies of our Organization for the fulfilment of their responsibilities. It is in this spirit that Member States of the Group of African States tabled last June a resolution seeking an Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice on the legal consequences of the separation of the Chagos Archipelago from Mauritius in 1965.

 

We are very pleased that the resolution was adopted, and indeed by such a resounding majority. That vote demonstrated the great importance that the Member States from across the globe – not just Africa, but also Europe, Asia and the Americas – attach to the need to complete the process of decolonization, as well as the concern they have for the injustices caused to the evicted inhabitants of the Chagos Archipelago. As a matter of fact, this overwhelming vote

has renewed their hope that they might finally return to their place

of birth.

The UN membership has indeed made it clear that it wishes to see the decolonization process of Mauritius completed, and to that end has turned to the International Court of Justice for guidance. We are hopeful that the Court’s Advisory opinion will not only guide the important work of the General Assembly but will also allow Mauritius to move forward, including with an appropriate program in favour of the inhabitants who had been displaced from that part of

the Mauritian territory. Many of you had an opportunity, last June, to see an exhibition on the tragedy surrounding that eviction and to interact with those who were forced to leave in such inhumane conditions.

 

Let me take this opportunity to reaffirm that Mauritius does not have any intention of seeking the disruption of the security arrangements currently in place in Diego Garcia, the biggest island of the Chagos Archipelago. 

Let me reiterate what successive Mauritian governments have clearly stated: “Mauritius is willing to enter into a long-term renewable lease with the United States to allow these security arrangements to remain in place”. In this regard, completing the process of decolonization will enhance security by providing legality and certainty. “

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